Stage B: Cities Plan Better

Stage B cities will initially focus on improving assessment and diagnostic skills, increasing alignment between local strategies with national and regional strategies, and improving early-stage strategies and policies. Stage B cities may have had some early successes and momentum towards achieving DRR, sustainability and resilience improvements, and have some form of strategy to address disasters but may not yet incorporate risk reduction or preventive measures. The cities must demonstrate the commitment to move towards development or refinement of a DRR and resilience strategy and ensure development plans are risk-informed.

Improving risk analysis

Cities need to start understanding the concrete and specific nature of localized risks and resilience gaps. All stakeholders must be made aware and informed of localized risks to encourage better prevention, preparedness, and response. Importantly, cities need to access risk analysis tools to improve the analysis.

Relevant resources and tools for risk analysis

Municipal disaster risk reduction is on the front lines of a global effort toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Sendai Framework.

National Infrastructure Model NISMOD-Int
For understanding risks to infrastructure systems, using a systems model. The model can identify critical infrastructure assets based on exposure to geospatial hazards and run multiple scenario-based planning.
City Data
WCCD City Data for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals is the global leader in standardized city data - creating smart, sustainable, resilient, and prosperous cities.
EVCA
Enhanced Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment uses various participatory tools to gauge people’s exposure to and capacity to resist natural hazards. It is an integral part of disaster preparedness.

Improving diagnostic skills for planning

Without a proper assessment of a city’s historic losses and potential future risks nor understanding the baseline resilience progress, it is not possible to develop a specific evidence-based DRR, resilience and risk-informed development strategies and activities that reflect the actual needs and priorities of the cities. At this stage cities will need diagnostic tools such as City Resilient Profiling Tool (CRPT), Disaster Resilience Scorecard for Cities (Scorecard), City Scan Tool, etc. Pairing one city with another, combined with supporting cities to undertake a proper resilience assessment will help cities understand the broader implications of risks and vulnerabilities that are likely to affect them and ensure that DRR and resilience strategies address their specific vulnerabilities, exposures and other variables.

City Resilience Profiling Tool City Scan Tool City Resilience Framework Empowering Cities with Data City Resilience Perceptions Assessment City Resilience Actions Inventory Smart City Indicators and Resilient City Indicators City Intelligence Team and Empowering Cities with Data Program

Disaster resilience scorecard for cities

Without a proper assessment of a city’s historic losses and potential future risks nor understanding the baseline resilience progress, it is not possible to develop a specific evidence-based DRR, resilience and risk-informed development strategies.

See scorecard

Public Health Resilience Scorecard

"Disaster Resilience Scorecard for Cities: Public Health System Resilience - Addendum" aims to strengthen and integrate coverage of the many aspects of public health issues and consequences of disasters that are not adequately emphasized in the original Disaster Resilience Scorecard for Cities ("the Scorecard"). While the more obvious health factors such as hospital services capacities and structural and non-structural safety are covered in the Scorecard (under Essential 8), other disaster-related public health issues have not been well addressed. This Addendum, promulgated by UNDRR, with the support of World Health Organization (WHO) and partners, aims to remedy this.

Public health scorecard

USCORE2: City-to-City Peer Reviews for Disaster Risk Reduction

Without a proper assessment of a city’s historic losses and potential future risks nor understanding the baseline resilience progress, it is not possible to develop a specific evidence-based DRR, resilience and risk-informed development strategies.

USSCORE2

Improving strategies and plans

MCR2030 will support cities through the provision of relevant evidence-based research and knowledge products, capacity building programmes, and provide information about good practices and support cities to benefit from city-to-city (C2C) learning. This will help cities to develop cost-effective, pragmatic, and scalable solutions that can be incorporated into local DRR and resilience strategies. DRR and resilience strategies need to indicate options and sources for activity financing, need to be based on historical evidence supplemented with future scenario projections. The strategies, including the local disaster risk reduction strategies directly connected with the Target e of the Sendai Framework and SDGs, should be recognized by the legislative arm of the local government to ensure implementation commitment and continuity. These strategies should also be aligned with the national strategies and integrated with urban development plan. Concepts of build back better should be integrated into the strategies. Ensuring cities have the practical support to use evidence and the knowledge of what works is essential to progressing them along the resilience roadmap.

C40 Climate Action Planning ProgramJICA’s 8 Steps to DRR StrategiesICLEI’s Urban Resilience MethodologyWorld Bank/GFDRR’s City Resilience ProgramICLEi’s GreenClimateCitiesIFRC’s Roadmap to Community ResilienceUN-HABITAT’s Cities Resilience Profiling Program

UNDRR resources on risk identification & assessment

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