Cities step up to resilience challenge as MCR2030 launched
Core partners of Making Cities Resilient 2030 (MCR2030) officially launched its second phase today, with a global programme to support cities on the road to resilience.
The launch took place during the Daring Cities conference convened by Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI), one of the core partners of the initiative and 1,048 people from 117 countries attended.
H.E. U. Khürelsükh, Prime Minister of Mongolia, sent a video message to congratulate the Campaign on its success so far and to reconfirm Mongolia's firm commitment to building resilient cities.
"During my tenure as Deputy Prime Minister of Mongolia, all 22 major cities in Mongolia joined the “Making Cities Resilient” UN Global Campaign in 2017, and I inform you that the Government of Mongolia has fulfilled its commitment to implement Target (e) of the Sendai Framework by 2020, and all our major cities have adopted [and] are implementing local DRR strategies as of today," confirmed H.E. U. Khürelsükh.
"On behalf of the Government of Mongolia, I commend the successful implementation of the “Making Cities Resilient” United Nations Campaign. Through this campaign, I believe that we have been able to build better community disaster resilience and recognize an importance of local leadership in DRR."
Resilience in the time of the pandemic was an overarching topic. Gino Van Begin, Secretary General of ICLEI, commented on the systemic and cascading nature of risk that cities must reckon with. “A year ago, nobody could have anticipated the shock that COVID-19 has brought to cities around the world [and] at the same time, the climate crisis is accelerating. Cities will have to fight the climate crisis while responding to the pandemic.”
Speaking at the launch, Mami Mizutori, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction and Head of the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), said: “To achieve resilience, cities will have to address the underlying drivers of risk, which may include poverty, education, health, environmental degradation, among others. More than anything, a holistic and systems approach to resilience must be adopted by cities. MCR2030 aims to provide a framework for this approach.”
The goal of MCR2030 is to ensure cities become inclusive, safe, resilient and Sustainable by 2030, contributing directly to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 11 (SDG11) and other global frameworks including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the Paris Agreement and the New Urban Agenda.
Local government representatives from Dakar, Senegal to Greater Manchester Combined Authority, United Kingdom, Dubai, UAE, Keçiören Municipality, Turkey, to Santa Fe, Argentina all reflected how the profile of resilience conversations was raised within their work through the engagement with the MCR Campaign and resilience partners, and why MCR2030 is so critical.
Kathryn Oldham, Chief Resilience Officer, Greater Manchester Combined Authority (GMCA), United Kingdom shared that the engagement in the MCR Campaign helped the city to improve the government mechanisms, broadened the range of stakeholders engaged in resilience and further enhanced the recognition of DRR and resilience as a strategic priority of the city. She added, “the process of political engagement and leadership, together with international acknowledgement of our work, boosted the visibility of this agenda within Greater Manchester”.
Working with over 250,000 local and regional governments around the world, Emilia Saiz, Secretary General, United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) emphasized, “[COVID-19] has galvanized how critical our role is and how important it will be to reconsider resilience.”
“COVID requires us to think creatively and innovatively,” added Maimunah Mohd Sharif, Executive Director, UN-Habitat. Complex urban system requires us to work collaboratively, taking the multi-hazard, multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder approach to improve resilience of the cities.
Sameh Wahba, Global Director, Urban, Disaster Risk Management, Resilience and Land Global Practice at the World Bank said: “We know that if we do nothing, about 130 million people will fall into poverty by 2030. Around 70 million of those are in urban areas.”
Tiziana Bonzon, Manager for Climate Migration and Resilience at the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) praised the initiative for putting cities at the centre. “Let’s make cities the source of solutions, rather than the source of challenges,” said Ms. Bonson.
At the same time, Kozo Nagami, Director General at the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) recognised the value of resilience as a whole. “Disaster risk reduction is not a cost but an investment in sustainable development,” he said.
Co-created by partners and networks of cities, MCR2030 will offer cities a clear, three-stage resilience roadmap to assessing, planning and implementing risk reduction and resilience building initiatives. The resilience roadmap will link cities within a peer-to-peer learning environment and communities of practice, supported by access to tools, technical specialists and advisers.
Implementation is focused on three key areas: giving advisory support for improved DRR and resilience planning, climate finance, municipal finance and climate adaptation; improving coordination between national and local governments and national associations of local governments; and forging strong partnerships at the local level for more efficient implementation.
Recognising that access to finance is one of the biggest hurdles to reducing risk, MCR2030 will also provide a platform to help cities strengthen their ability to access funds and allow cities to find specialist service providers and investors for actions and initiatives.
MCR2030 builds on the success of the ten-year-old Making Cities Resilient Campaign, which concludes at the end of 2020 and has more than 4,300 city signatories. MCR2030 will run from January 2021 to the end of 2030.
By 2050 most of the world’s population will be urban and cities will be the key setting for ensuring the inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable spaces for citizens. The resilience of cities will be key in accomplishing the Sustainable Development Goals and associated global frameworks.